Mahāmudrā (Sanskrit; Tibetan: Chagchen, Wylie: phyag chen, contraction of Chagya Chenpo, Wylie: phyag rgya chen po) literally means “great seal” or “great symbol.” It “is a multivalent term of great importance in later Indian Buddhism and Tibetan Buddhism” which “also occurs occasionally in Hindu and East Asian Buddhist esotericism.”
The name refers to the way one who has realized mahāmudrā (that is, one who has succeeded in the practices of mahāmudrā) experiences reality: mudra refers to the fact that each phenomenon appears vividly, and maha refers to the fact that it is beyond concept, imagination, and projection.
Mahāmudrā is a body of teachings that represents the culmination of all the practices of the new translation schools of Tibetan Buddhism, who believe it to be the quintessential message of all of their sacred texts.
(Jamgön Kongtrül Lodrö Thaye)
Since in the view of mahāmudrā
Analysis does not apply,
Cast mind-made knowledge far away.
Since in the meditation of mahāmudrā
There is no way of fixating upon a thought,
Abandon deliberate meditation.
Since in the action of mahāmudrā
There is no reference point for any action,
Be free from the intension to act or not.
Since in the fruition of mahāmudrā
There is no attainment to newly aquire,
Cast hopes, fears, and desires far away.
(SOURCE) – In the Profound Secret Letters of the Four Stages of Yoga it says:
The sport of lions is the samadhi of unwavering single pointedness, which is the quintessence of the clarity of consciousness and awakens one to the self-cognizing wisdom within. Second, the samadhi that is the simplicity of the great natural state dispels illusion. The arising of this inconceivable samadhi is an indication of having obtained the power of the stage of heat. Third, by the samadhi of one taste, the ten bodhisattva stages are achieved and one courageously liberates all beings. As a child of the Victorious Ones of the three times one benefits others. Having achieved this pinnacle, qualities constantly increase. Fourth, by exerting oneself in the vajra-like samadhi one implements the stage of non-meditation. With the non-conceptual primordial wisdom of a Buddha one sees the exalted realms of the buddha fields. One obtains the unsought, but spontaneously present, supreme qualities, the great sphere. So it is said.
Milarepa sang of five ways to rest the mind in meditation :
- Rest in a natural way like a small child.
- Rest like an ocean without waves.
- Rest within clarity like a candle flame.
- Rest without self-concerns like a human corpse.
- Rest unmoving like a mountain.